Onboarding New Staff into your Agile Team
The current crisis has helped us appreciate the skills and flexibility of the great staff.
To pivot and adapt to a changing environment is crucially important in this difficult time.
So, what happens when you bring new staff into your team, either through recruitment or by moving them from another part of the organisation?
How long does it take to get them up to speed?
How quickly can they adapt to the agile way of working?
What Onboarding means?
Onboarding is the term used to describe new employees joining and integrating into an organisation or team.
Onboarding isn’t just about induction and orientation it’s about how you manage the whole process of embedding new staff from the interview to the point at which they’re truly part of the team.
It is about them moving from being outsiders to being insiders.
Because agile teams are autonomous, cross-functional and self-improving, newcomers into agile environments can face challenges in becoming fully integrated. Agile team members are expected to manage their own tasks and often take on several different roles.
In project teams, the work each team member does might differ substantially from day-to-day.
Established team members often know each other very well and are confident of their own skills.
All these factors can make it difficult for newcomers to join in.
We found from our research with a co-located team that agile techniques, as well as more traditional approaches, can help with onboarding. Traditional onboarding includes running an induction programme, providing a new staff pack, offering formal training, and allocating a mentor.
The table below shows some of the agile-related techniques used by the agile software development team we researched. These complemented the traditional techniques they also used.
This team changed regularly and frequently had to onboard new members of staff.
Agile-related onboarding techniques
|Recruiting||. Evaluate agile knowledge and give resources.|
|Orientation||. Provide Agile fundamentals pack|
|Support tools and processes||. Introduce and use an information radiator|
|Coaching and support||. Ceremonies – explain prior to the event
. Encourage teamwork
. Pair programming
. Co-locate when possible
. Signal availability
|Training||. Immersion from day one
|Feedback mechanisms||. Code reviews
. Sprint review
. Sprint refinement
. Small tasks
3 Techniques for Onboarding onto an Agile Team:
Pairing involves two people working synchronously on one task.
Pair programming is commonly used in IT teams, but pairing can be used for all types of work and is a great way of exchanging knowledge. Usually, one person deals with the detail while the other thinks more strategically and every now and then they swap roles.
In newcomer pairing, try pairing your newbie with an experienced member of staff for the first few weeks.
During this time the newcomer will pick up lots of formal and informal knowledge.
Although it is not possible for the two to swap roles, the newcomer will gradually become more independent.
If a new staff member starts while the team is working remotely, pairing can be a particularly useful way to help the newcomer stay connected while learning their new role.
Give your newcomer small tasks that they can complete in a day and vary the type of tasks you give them in the first few weeks. They’ll get a sense of progress from regularly completing tasks and get used to delivering chunks of work in short time periods.
As a result, they’ll be able to contribute to daily stand-ups immediately and learn from regular feedback.
While working remotely, getting feedback is particularly important for new team members.
Doubts can quickly set in without it.
At various points in the day, an agile team may work together in small groups or as a whole team to solve a problem. At other times individuals need to have uninterrupted time to concentrate on completing a task.
Find a way for team members to signal their availability throughout the day so newcomers can understand who can be interrupted and who prefers to focus on their own work. This is particularly important when working online.
Use an ‘available to be interrupted’ signal in your virtual environment so everyone in the team knows who they can ask for help. For instance, in Microsoft Teams you can set your status to ‘Available’ or ‘Do not disturb’ as an indicator.
Finally, don’t forget the social aspect of being in a team.
Having a coffee break together – either virtually or in-person – and getting to know your new team member informally is important too.
Agile working is about people and culture as much as processes and practices, so spending time welcoming and getting to know newcomers is time well spent.
This article was originally published in June 2020 and reproduces by kind permission of the Agile Business Consortium.
Agile Research Network
The ARN is a collaboration between researchers at two UK universities, The Open University (OU) and The University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), at the forefront of investigating Agile methodologies.
Gregory, P., Strode, D., Barroca, L., Sharp, H. & Taylor, K. (2020) Onboarding: How Newcomers Integrate into an Agile Project Team. To be published. Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2020 https://www.springerprofessional.de/en/onboarding-how-newcomers-integrate-into-an-agile-project-team/18021556
Plonka, L., Sharp, H., Van der Linden, J., & Dittrich, Y. (2015). Knowledge Transfer in Pair Programming: An In-depth Analysis. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 73, 66-78.