What is a Project Manager?
A project manager is a professional in the field of project management. The project manager is accountable to the project board and has to run the project daily, by planning and executing the project. He/she is the professional (internal or external to the organization) assigned to lead the project team for achieving the project objectives.
The role of the Project manager
The project manager’s main responsibility is to accomplish the project objectives by ensuring the project deliver the product(s) according to the time, quality, cost agreed (within tolerance). The professional should manage the constraints of a typical project which are cost, time, scope and quality.
This person is the professional responsible for leading a project from its starting up to execution. This includes planning, delegating, monitoring and controlling. The PM has to focus on managing the people (communication and people management are key competencies) and managing resources. The PM has full responsibility and authority to complete the assigned project.
The Responsibilities of the Project Manager
The responsibilities of a project manager can vary from business to business. Factors like industry, company size, company maturity, and company culture may affect the specific responsibilities but there are some standard responsibilities that most PMs handle.
The project manager’s common responsibilities are:
- Liaise with stakeholders, suppliers, customers, end users
- Define and communicate the project objectives to the team
- Developing the project plans
- Control, monitoring, reporting
- Procurement of the project requirements – workforce, material, technologies
- Managing and leading the project team
- Establish the project’s procedures: risk management, issue management, change management, communication management
The Competences of the Project Manager
Core competencies according to the PMBok guide are identifiable in three main skill sets:
- Technical Project management Competences
- Leadership Competencies
- Strategic and Business Management Competencies
The technical project management competencies are the core skills for a project manager and include
- Time Management
- Decision Making
- Critical Thinking
Leadership skills can support longer-range strategic objectives
- People management
- Team building
Strategic and Business Management skills mean being knowledgeable about the business, and being able to explain to the project team and stakeholders:
- Goals and Objectives
- Products and Services
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The Trends in Project Management
We live in a fast-paced environment where everything is pervaded by a constant transformation and change is the only common value. The number of organizations which are using project management procedures is increasing together with the spreading of tools and methods developed to help project managers and their teams to accomplish successfully their projects.
The key trends in project management and their impact on the profession of the project manager are:
- Having a strategic vision is pivotal
- Change Management as an asset
- Acquisition of Agile Methodologies